Allergic Reaction

Allergic Reaction

Allergic Reaction

Blue Earth Training Allergic Reaction

Allergic Reaction – Around 64.1 million people live in the United Kingdom, one third will develop an allergy at some time in their life and about million people will suffer a severe life threating reaction “Anaphylaxis”

Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, generalised or systemic hypersensitivity allergic reaction. This is characterised by rapidly developing life-threatening airway and/or breathing and/or circulation problems usually associated with skin and mucosal changes, which requires immediate medical attention.

With the number of sufferers increasing each year, it is extremely important to know what to do when faced with this acute emergency condition. The are 14 major Allergens: Celery, Cereals Containing Gluten, Crustaceans, Eggs, Fish, Lupin, Milk, Molluscs, Mustard, Nuts, Peanuts, Sesame Seeds, Soya, Sulphur Dioxide (or sulphites)


Anaphylaxis has three main characteristics:

  1. A rapid onset – the casualty usually becomes very ill, very quick.
  2. A life-threatening Airway, Breathing or Circulation problem (or a combination of them all).
  3. A skin rash, flushing and/or swelling (but not all casualties have this).

What are the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction?

  • Generalised flushing of the skin
  • Settle rash (hives) anywhere on the body
  • Sense of impending doom
  • Swelling of throat and mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing or speaking
  • Alterations in heart rate
  • Severe asthma
  • Abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting
  • Sudden feeling of weakness (drop in blood pressure) collapse and unconsciousness


  • Call 999/112 for emergency HELP and say “Anaphylaxis”
  • Lay the casualty down if the casualty feels light headed or faint – Do Not sit or stand them up.
  • Lay the casualty down immediately and raise the legs if they are still feeling faint.
  • If the casualty is carrying an auto injector of adrenaline this could save their life. The casualty should be able to inject this on his or her own, if necessary, assist them to use it and make a note of the time.
  • The dose of adrenaline can be repeated 5 – 15 minutes if there is no improvement in the casualty.
  • If the casualty becomes unconscious, check airway and breathing and resuscitate if necessary.

Our Basic Life Support and Management of Anaphylaxis qualification forms part of our First Aid suite of qualifications.

Click HERE for more information or to book a course click HERE


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